Site Preparation- is treating the land to improve planting conditions, encourage germination of seed or growth of seedlings, and promote survival of the desired species
Bedding -is creating a raised bed of soil on which to plant seedlings; improves conditions, reduces plant competition, makes planting easier.
Chopping -is pulling a large, rolling drum chopper over brush and small diameter trees, crushing woody vegetation; minimizes soil loss and protects against erosion. Usually performed with burning and herbicidal application.
Disking (Harrowing) -performed on sheared or raked sites, pastureland, or sites relatively clear of trees and logging debris in order to loosen soil and expose roots of undesired vegetation.
Herbicides - Chemical Site Prep -site specific on the species to be controlled, soils, proximity to streams and sensitivity of adjacent vegetation; is most often paired with Site Prep burning and planting.
Herbicides - Herbaceous Weed Control -Timber Stand Improvement, Woody Release - spraying to maintain and improve stand, after planting.
Raking -usually follows shearing and is used to push vegetation and other debris in to piles or windrows.
Mulching -best applied for high erosive sites where residual debris can aid in stabilizing soil and retain vital nutrients for tree survival and growth.
Shearing -prepares sites where vegetation is 4-6 inches in diameter or larger; conducted along contour to reduce soil erosion.
Logging -may expose sufficient mineral soil to enhance natural reforestation of certain species; most often paired with prescribed burning.